Why You Should Expand Your Sparkling Wine Horizons With Pet Nat
No time is a bad time for a glass full of bubbly wine (OK, maybe when operating heavy machinery), so you should consider drinking more of it. You can expand your horizons in the category this week at Williamsburg wine shop Vine Wine (616 Lorimer Street, 718-349-1718): The retailer -- which is known for its carefully selected natural, organic, and biodynamic wines -- is dedicating five days to celebrating Pet Nat, a niche category of fizz owner Talitha Whidbee believes deserves more consumer recognition.
Pet Nat is short for Pétillant Naturel, and it refers to a rustic style of sparkling wine made in the Methode Ancestrale, a term that pretty much sums up the history of the technique: it's old. Used centuries ago in Europe, the method was nearly abandoned with the advent of commercial yeast, refrigeration, and the pursuit of aesthetics, i.e., crystal clear wines. But modern winemakers with an experimental streak and natural winemaking tendencies have resurrected the practice, applying it to a range of varieties from Chardonnay to Gamay.
To make traditional method sparkling wine such as Champagne, a producer begins by bottling a base wine that has been fermented fully dry. To kick off a second fermentation in the bottle, sugar and yeast are added, and the formation of tiny, prized bubbles begins. Once the yeast have finished working, the dead cells, or lees, are removed from the bottle through the process of riddling and disgorgement, after which a dosage (sugar and wine) may be added to sweeten it to the house style or winemaker's taste, before closing again with cork and a wire cage.
Pet Nat, on the other hand, generally doesn't utilize any additions to the wine, thus its appeal to natural winemakers. The fermentation of the wine starts in a tank with native yeast (as opposed to the addition of commercial yeast); before all the natural sugars have been converted into alcohol, however, the juice is transferred to a bottle to finish fermentation. The lees may be left inside rather than disgorged, so the resulting wines are softly fizzy, tend to be lower in alcohol, frequently have residual sugar, and, if the spent yeast is left behind, cloudy.
Although the production method sounds rudimentary, Pet Nat is not the kind of wine a commercially minded producer makes because results are too unpredictable for the mainstream market. Pet Nat's become the darling of sommeliers looking for new things to saber and adventurous drinkers who find beauty, akin to a snowflake, in the variability that comes with each bottle.
We tracked down owner of Vine Wine and founder of Pet Nat Week Talitha Whidbee (this is its second season), to find out why she loves this style of sparkling and which producers she'll be showing off these next few days.
How did you come to dedicate a week of tastings to Pet Nat?
I have always felt that Pet Nat is both underexposed and a much larger category than the consumer thinks. By holding a weeklong tasting event, Vine is able to showcase all of the various styles that are made. I also happen to be a fan of Bastille Day, and what better way to celebrate that holiday than with low alcohol sparkling wine?
Who are some of your favorite producers and why?
Every year my list of favorite producers changes since there is such a difference in the wines from year to year. Consistently I have found myself drinking Pascal Pibaleau's La Perlette -- this is probably the first Pet Nat I ever tried. Made from Gamay and Grolleau, this wine is earthy and full of wild strawberries, and the most delightful pink color. Les Capriades is another favorite of mine; this year they have released a Pet-Sec which is almost all Chenin Blanc and is dry and focused with an almost salty quality that is sooooo refreshing this time of year. I am a huge fan of Pet Nat made from Ploussard and currently am enjoying the Noct'en Bulles from La Combe aux Reves: It is under 10 percent alcohol, has tons of bright fruit, and just enough funk to make it interesting. Finally, I have to mention that for the first time in the history of Vine, we will have two Pet Nats from the Finger Lakes and a total of six from America. When I started Pet Nat week, I don't think we had one from America. It is really exciting to see more American winemakers making Pet Nat.
Why should consumers consider this alternative style of sparkling?
Aside from the obvious reason that it is always the right time to drink sparkling wine, the joy of Pet Nat is that you really get a chance to taste something that is made from passion to express the winemaker's style. Given how difficult it is to bottle, and the risk involved in making something as unstable as Pet Nat, it seems to me a great way to get to "know" a winemaker. I think there is something also inherently joyous about drinking it, and since it comes in so many styles, there really is one for every consumer.
Drop by any evening (or all of them) this week, July 14 through 18, from 6 to 9 p.m. to hear from Whidbee personally. If you're feeling patriotic, hit the Wednesday tasting for an all-American line-up.