Q&A: Vernon Reid On Artificial Afrika, Playing With Photoshop, And Creating An Afrodelic Experience
Guitarist Vernon Reid is best known as the leader of the hard rock/metal band Living Colour. Before that, though, he was a fixture on the New York avant-garde scene, blending rock, jazz and noise as a member of drummer Ronald Shannon Jackson's Decoding Society, duetting with Bill Frisell on the album Smash & Scatteration, and co-founding the Black Rock Coalition, among many other things. He's released multiple solo albums (the first of which, 1996's Mistaken Identity, is the only album to credit both Teo Macero and Prince Paul as producers), and, this month, is premiering a multimedia performance piece, Artificial Afrika: A Tale of Lost Cities, at Dixon Place. The piece combines music and videos by Reid with contributions from DJ Leon Lamont and African vocalist Akim Funk Buddha.
Bill Bernstein/via Facebook
In late January, I got Reid on the phone to ask about the project, its inspirations, and more.
What was the genesis of Artificial Afrika? What sparked the idea, and how did you arrive at the multimedia format?
Well, the beginning of it was a little darky figurine that I bought in the South. I was on tour with the Rolling Stones and I used to like going to antique shops... So I walked into this shop, and they had a little combofour musicians, and they were done up in the usual darky style and kind of dressed like the Beau Brummels. And the instrumentation was exactly like the band Living Colour, a guitar player, bass player, drummer and singer. And I thought, "This is supposed to have something to do with me." And as an impulse, I bought this figurine, which I still have. And it started me thinking about, "How did this come to be? How did something like this object come to be? And what does this object have to do with me or anyone I know?" And there was kind of a standard way to react to such a thing. To be angry or sorrowful or ashamed.
It's an object that was meant as something humorous, I suppose, but it was also a thing that had nothing to do with how actual people looked. And there were a lot of these ethnic gargoyles, if you will. You had the hyper-red Indian, the hook-nosed Jew, they were part of Americana. I wound up using this figurine [on the cover of] a record I did post-Living Colour called Mistaken Identity. And this whole notion of identity has been a big part of what I think about. And at a certain point, I startedI got my first computer, and one of the first programs I got was Photoshop. I actually got Photoshop before I got a music program. And I started looking at these things from a different point of view. I kind of stopped being ashamed of the figurines and started becoming fascinated with the pathology of the people that thought these were funny. The psychology of people who made these things, the illustrations, the saucer lips and bone in the nose, the jockeys and all that.
At a certain point it turned into the ideaI'd been a big fan of Brian Eno and David Byrne's record My Life in the Bush of Ghosts, and all this eventually turned into this idea that Africa's not only a continent and a compendium of interlocked culturesin reality, it's many thingsbut Africa is also a country of the mind. There is a notional, separate, parallel Africa. I think of it as the Africa that floats just above the land. The Africa that's in everyone's head. And there's kind of an undifferentiated idea about this place. It's everything from Mother Africa to Tarzan to starving children to all of it. And that's basically the impulse behind it, is diving into all this kind of notional weird stuff about it. From mythologies to Aunt Jemima. It includes cakewalking as well as fabrics and figurines. It's a kind of Afrodelic experience, if you will.
There's an easy way to go with this sort of thing, which is to present old clips of the natives from Tarzan movies, the black maid from Tom and Jerry cartoons, stuff like that. In what ways does your piece get beyond that?
You know, to be fair, I'm not gonna say there isn't a bit of that, but a lot of it is not linear. I followed certain impulses. Like I'm a collector of masks, and masks are a theme that recurs throughout the pieces. [I'm] taking my cues from different kinds of narrativesit's hard to explain, because you're right, there is an easy and obvious way of doing this, and...
There's also a flipside, like the vogue for Afrocentric hip-hop in the early '90s, with artists like X-Clan, King Sun, and even the Jungle Brothers.
Oh, sure. The thing of it is, if it was just about the racism of white people and the horrible things they did, it would be simple. But it's never that simple. And one of the things that I thought about is how nobody escapes from this notional idea. Certainly, Africans themselves have a clouded view from time to time about their history and where it fits in. There is a lot of ambivalence between Africans and African-Americans. 'Cause on the one hand, Africans were taken from Africa, but Africa was also altered in the process. On the one side, there's what happens when Africa is fetishized in an undifferentiated way. And part of the thing for me, too, is that there's a way I'm supposed to feel about Africa. I'm supposed to feel it's all very, very serious, and I explore some of this stuff and a lot of times I feel guilt at the pleasure I take in making these films, because it's a very serious matter and we should all take it seriously. And it's that, but it's also a coffin shaped like a guitar. It's a lot of things at the same time. So that's part of what I'm exploring, along with Akim Funk Buddha, who's a South African performerdancer and singera very interesting artist because he also uses Tuvan throat singing, which is very atypicalnot a sound you expect to hear coming from an African throat, but he's really great at itas well as DJ Leon Lamont. And the video art.