Bloomberg and Schumer Happy About Ferry Cash, Reminding Us of a Certain Fatal Crash
When Mike Bloomberg announced the injection of nearly $50 million of federal stimulus funds into the maintenance of the Staten Island Ferry recently, he issued a press release also crediting US senator Charles Schumer and other members of the New York's congressional delegation.
Bloomberg's kind words for Schumer, however, bring to mind the fact that Schumer's wife, Iris Weinshall, was the Department of Transportation commissioner overseeing ferry operations at the time of the October 15, 2003 fatal crash that cost 11 passengers their lives. Bloomberg did nothing to hold Weinshall accountable for the failings of her department that led up to the catastrophe. A Voice review of three government reports about the crash raises damaging questions into Weinshall's role in the debacle, making it another example of the mayors' aversion to accountability when it comes to top-level city officials. (As seen in the Voice's cover story "Bloomberg's biggest scandal -- the Deutsche Bank fire -- should be his downfall. Why Isn't It?")
The initial finger pointing from the press was directed at Richard Smith, the pilot of the vessel who was under the influence of painkillers when he dozed off, allowing the ferry to slam full speed into a concrete pier. But lost in the outrage was the developing evidence against Weinshall, who was given a pass by the mayor, just as he gave a pass to Nicholas Scoppetta, Dan Doctoroff, and Robert LiMandri in the deconstruction of the Deutsche Bank building that cost two firefighters their lives. In both instances, the widespread disregard of a crucial operating rule led to tragedy. At the Deutsche Bank building, the FDNY ignored the fifteen-day building inspection rule. With the ferry, it was the DOT's lack of enforcement of the two-pilot rule.
The two-pilot rule was created in 1908 to assure that two pilots be in the pilot house at all times. But just like the fifteen-day rule, which was never taken seriously by FDNY top management at the Deutsche Bank building, the two-pilot rule was never enforced under Weinshall. The independent federal probation report, presented by chief probation officer Tony Garoppolo of the Eastern District, put it into perspective:
"There was a dangerous, systematic breakdown in the NYC ferry operations at the time of the accident since the Two Pilot Rule was not distributed and enforced, and the need for two pilots in the pilothouse is most compelling when a ferry approaches the terminal," Garoppolo said. "This critical safety procedure was designed to prevent an accident under the very circumstances present in this case."
Despite Garoppolo's report, where he explicitly said that he viewed "the lion's share of culpability in this case as resting with the high level management of the Ferry Service," Bloomberg failed to discipline any of the Staten Island Ferry brass. Instead, the criticism and criminal sentencing stopped at the Port Captain Patrick Ryan, who went to prison for a year and a day.
The most puzzling part of Ryan's sentence was that Ryan's boss, former Assistant Commissioner for Municipal Ferry Operations Joseph Albano, spent not a day in jail.
When Weinshall took over as DOT commissioner in 2000, she named Albano Assistant Commissioner of Ferry Operations, despite the fact that he had zero previous maritime experience.
Albano was so out of place as ferry boss that it prompted the probation report to say that "Albano should never have been in the position of running the ferry service. He was unqualified for a position of running the ferry service." The report also took Weinshall to task, saying that "the individual(s) who were responsible for placing an unqualified person in charge of a large municipal ferry service also have a share of responsibility for the accident."
Albano's poor performance caused the city to completely abolish his former position as Assistant Commissioner for Ferry Operations, and replace it with a maritime experienced Chief Operating Officer. Albano quietly retired a year after the crash. In addition to the eleven lives lost, the city has also agreed to pay $65.5 million to both injured passengers and families of the victims, with twelve cases still pending.
In addition to the probation report, two other reports were conducted, faulting DOT's oversight of the ferry operation. One was written by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), which the mayor has been repeatedly citing in the aftermath of last weekends midair collision. And the other by the Global Maritime and Transportation School (GMATS), which is a New York based school that offers training programs to private and public transportation systems.
The NTSB report pointed out that while the Staten Island Ferry had the second largest ridership in the United States, transporting 19 million passengers a year, it still "lacked many of the technological innovations that can assist operators during restricted visibility conditions." In contrast, those in charge of the Washington State Ferries, which transport 26 million riders annually, install new radar equipment every five years. According to the report, prior to the crash the ferry "lacked even such basic instrumentation as speed indicators." In response to the report, Weinshall complied with the implementation of a Safety Management System, revamping the ferry with new technology and operating procedures.
The Maritime Report also identified primitive equipment on the ferry at the time of the accident. These deficiencies ranged from on-board blueprints, operational checklists to "reduce potential for complacency," and Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus', a staple piece of rescue equipment for first-responders since the early 1900's
The report also found that the ferry only had rowboats that were "antiquated, low free board, and manually powered," insufficient to rescue the up to 6,000 passengers that sometimes board the ferry. After the accident, Weinshall corrected some of these deficiencies as well.
Prior to the crash, the ferry system was "95 persons short" of the staff members required to implement the Safety Management System, according to the same Maritime School report. Low funding levels "contributed to the apparent erosion of the overall ferry system organization." The ferry crew was overworked and underpaid, to the point that the ferry employees were required to use vacation time to attend training.
The reports all suggest that patronage was common practice in the ferry system, and that Weinshall left it unregulated. So bad, that the Maritime School report actually went on to credit the ferry system for how it performed under these conditions, claiming that "the Staten Island Ferry system appears to be a good operation overall, considering the existence of a corporate culture with the ferry organization which may not be conducive to operating a first-rate marine transportation system."