New York's Child Victims Act: What You Need to Know (UPDATE)
Since it's officially Timothy Cardinal Dolan week, why not keep the celebration going with a little more info on the Catholic leader's legislative positions?
Yesterday, Runnin' Scared wrote about Dolan's opposition to the Reproductive Health Act, which would codify abortion rights in the state, and de-criminalize late-term terminations.
Today, we bring you deets about the Child Victims Act, a pending policy which, if passed, would extend the statute of limitations for victims of sexual abuse.
Dolan has publicly opposed the law, sponsored by Rep. Margaret M. Markey (pictured here).
He says that it would basically bankrupt the church, even calling the proposed measure "unjust" to Catholics.
(Runnin' Scared reached out to the Archdiocese of New York for comment. We'll update when we hear back.)
Click for a brief explanation of this polemic policy.
What is the Child Victims Act?
The act, spearheaded by Markey (D-Queens), would give victims of sexual abuse more time to press charges, as well as extend the timeframe for civil lawsuits. The Queens Democrat has advocated for this since 2006, but has hit legislative roadblocks. If it became law, underage victims would have five more years to report crimes after age 18 -- so the limitations "count" wouldn't until they reach age 23. Also, this would give victims of abuse a one-year window to file civil lawsuits if the statute of limitations prevented them from doing so before.
What are the legal consequences?
More people who have been child victims of sex crimes would be able to prosecute the perpetrators in criminal court, and also seek civil settlements. Advocacy groups think that the legislation is necessary, since a lot of victims are psychologically unable to come forward until adulthood, according to Barbara Dorris, outreach coordinator at Survivors of Those Abused by Priests. The legislation applies to all cases of child sexual abuse -- not just perpetrated by clergy.
Why does Dolan oppose it?
Dolan says that the measure would not punish perpetrators of molestation, but would actually hurt the church's charitable activities. He says that the diocese would have to spend millions on legal defense rather than helping other people. He's quoted by the Daily News as saying:
"What suffers are the services and the ministries and the apostolates that we're doing now. Because where does the money come from? So the bishops of 30 years ago that allegedly may have re-assigned abusers, they don't suffer. They're dead, all right? So the people that suffer are those who are being served right now by the church. And we feel that is a terribly unjust burden. That schools close and charities shrink, all the good work that the church does."
UPDATE: The Archdiocese pointed Runnin' Scared to the New York State Catholic Conference's comment on this, reproduced below:
The Markey Bill: Seven times proposed, never enacted. There's a good reason.
As a sexual abuse crisis engulfs New York City public schools, Assembly Member Margaret Markey is again promoting a bill to make it easier for sexual abuse victims to sue almost anyone - except public schools. This bill is fatally flawed, which is why it has been consistently rejected. There are several reasons why Markey's approach is the wrong one.
1. This is not a controversy over criminal penalties for sexual abusers.
There is no controversy in the New York Legislature about the need to protect children and prevent sexual abuse. Yet the Markey bill, proposed seven times, has never been enacted. There is a good reason - and it's not related to prospectively extending the criminal or civil statutes of limitations so sexual abusers can be prosecuted or sued.
Indeed, there is broad agreement on extending the criminal statute of limitations to cover non-felony sexual offenses, just as there was broad support in 2006 when New York enacted a law eliminating the criminal statute of limitations on felony sex offenses. There also is broad agreement on prospectively extending the civil statute of limitations, giving victims of sexual abuse up to five additional years to file civil lawsuits claiming sexual abuse
2. Amid a sexual abuse crisis in New York City public schools, the Markey bill selectively targets private schools and exempts public schools. Why?
The fundamental objection to the Markey bill is that it eliminates the statute of limitations on civil lawsuits for sexual abuse claims that are decades old. Statutes of limitations establish a reasonable time period in which civil lawsuits must be filed. This bill would waive that time period for one year, allowing any lawsuit claiming sexual abuse at any time in history to be filed against any party - with one very big exception. The Markey selectively targets private organizations - religious groups, private schools, non-profits and businesses. Public schools and other government entities are exempted due to the restrictive "notice of claims" requirements put on individuals who wish to sue public institutions, which her bill does not address.
This is not an oversight. Markey introduced a bill in 2009 that applied evenly to public and private schools and other entities. But she abandoned that approach because of the broad, legitimate opposition to any proposal that invited more lawsuits against every public school and municipality in New York State.
Tragically, sexual abuse occurs everywhere children and adults interact. To be fair and effective, laws targeting sexual abuse must apply evenly to all sectors of society. There is no legitimate basis to discriminate against private schools, churches, businesses and charities.
The Markey bill targets private organizations only because it amends the Civil Practice Law and Rules and fails to amend the General Municipal Law and the Education Law to remove the short "notice of claim" requirement for individuals suing public institutions.
As a result, an individual abused in a private school in 1950 would get an additional year to sue. But a child abused in a public school even as recently as four months ago would be afforded no additional time to sue. Sexual abuse is sexual abuse, no matter where it occurs. The discrimination in the Markey bill makes no sense.
3. Waiving the statute of limitations is constitutionally suspect and poor public policy.
Retroactively rescinding the civil statute of limitations casts aside a fundamental principle of American jurisprudence. It changes the rules after the fact and eliminates an essential protection against fraudulent claims - a protection that is in place in every jurisdiction in the United States.
As the New York State Bar Association has observed:
"Over time, evidence is lost or destroyed and witnesses die or become unavailable or, when they are available, their memories are less reliable. These circumstances make proof and defense of such actions extremely difficult, if not impossible, for all parties involved." -- New York State Bar Association's Committee on Civil Practice Law and Rules Legislative Report #8, Feb. 25, 2003
4. There is a fairer, more effective approach.
Any proposal that creates two different classes of victims, depending only on where the abuse occurred, is fundamentally unjust. A child abused in a public school should have the same legal rights as a child abused in a private school.
The Catholic Conference of New York State supports A8064/S6477, the comprehensive Senate and Assembly bills that protect children and protect the rights of victims without discriminating based on where sexual abuse occurred.
The Catholic Conference represents New York State's Bishops in matters of public policy.
Follow Victoria Bekiempis @vicbekiempis.