As the Times Looks at Orthodox Sex Abuse, Critics Say It Should Credit Others' Reporting
Last week the New York Times devoted successive front-page stories to the problem of sex abuse in Brooklyn's ultra-Orthodox and Hasidic communities and Brooklyn DA Charles Hynes's deference to the religious authorities that often try to cover the problem up.
Christopher Macsurak Journalists who have been covering the Orthodox community's sex-abuse problem for years say the New York Times should credit their work.
It's an important issue (one we touched on in our own cover story last fall), and one that deserves the spotlight that the New York Times can provide.
Victims' advocates and journalists who have been tracking the issue for years were thrilled that the Times was finally turning its attention to a scandal that has long been been festering in its back yard. But many were dismayed that the Times series failed to credit the work of other reporters who have been on the beat for years.
The Times had plenty of catching up to do. As one advocacy group's exhaustive catalog of press mentions makes clear, there's been a lot of reporting on the subject in the last decade.
But some veterans of the Orthodox sex-abuse beat say the Times series relies so heavily on that reporting that it ought to acknowledge the debt. Among the examples they cite:
- The Times series opens with the story of Mordechai Jungreis, a Brooklyn man who learned that his mentally disabled son was being molested in a ritual bathhouse. Jungreis's story was first reported by CBS on March 28, and by the Guardian March 29.
- The first installment of the Times story describes an August 2009 courtroom scene as Justice Guston Reichbach berated a courtroom packed with Haredi supporters of a man convicted of molesting two young boys. That scene, and Reichbach's comments, were first reported by Hella Winston in the Jewish Week in 2009.
- The Times describes posters directed against a dissident Rabbi, Nuchem Rosenberg, who runs a help-line for victims of sex abuse. The attacks on Rosenberg, including the posters, were reported by Winston in the Jewish Week in 2008.
- The second half of the Times story opens with the shocking charge that Brooklyn District Attorney Charles Hynes has effectively consented to the rabbinic leadership's efforts to cover up the sex-abuse scandal. The DA's approval of the cover-up was first reported last November by Shmarya Rosenberg in his blog Failed Messiah. Rosenberg reported that religious leaders claimed in a private meeting that Hynes supported their policy, but it was the Times that first reported the actual meeting last summer in which an influential rabbi told Hynes his group was telling Jews not to go to the police with sex abuse allegations without first checking with a rabbi.
- The Times digs into claims by the DA's office that its Kol Tzedek outreach program has led to 95 arrests, and finds them wanting. Those statistics were first challenged in the Jewish Week April 24. Even before then, it was pressure from the Jewish press that led Hynes to produce statistics in the first place, and then called attention to his refusal to substantiate those claims.
- The Times references the case of accused abuser Rabbi Yehuda Kolko, and notes that the father of one of his victims wrote a letter to Hynes opposing the plea deal he was offered. That story, as well as the father's letter to which the Times links, was first reported by Winston in the Jewish Week in April of 2008.
Of course, the Times series wasn't just a recapitulation of things reported elsewhere. It described, for the first time, the critical meeting between Hynes and the delegate from the rabbinic leadership.
Perhaps even more importantly, the Times used its unmatched resources to do something no one else had yet done: crunch massive databases and sort through reams of court records to thoroughly debunk the District Attorney's office's lies about the success of its Kol Tzedek outreach program.
The Times has an unambiguous ethics policy on attribution: "When we first use facts originally reported by another news organization, we attribute them."
There are understandable reasons why that broad imperative might become more muddled in reporting on this topic. For one thing, there aren't that many sources to go around. The Haredi community is often suspicious of the press, especially when reporters want to talk about sex abuse. Inevitably, reporters writing on the subject find themselves talking to the same victims' advocates, who in turn refer them to the same handful of victims who are prepared to risk communal retaliation and tell their story to the press.
Other resources, like court transcripts and filings, are matters of public record. Anyone can find them. But reporters in the Jewish media say the Times wouldn't have known to look for them without their work.
Hella Winston, who reports on the subject for the Jewish Week, says the Times should acknowledge that debt.
"There are certain clear instances where the Times violated its own code of ethics in failing to attribute facts first reported elsewhere," she says.
"Beyond that, there's a journalistic ethical issue here, which involves acknowledging the vast body of work on which the Times's stories were clearly founded. If we -- The Jewish Week, The Forward, and blogs like UOJ and Failed Messiah, as well as New York Magazine -- hadn't done this reporting, there's likely no way the Times would have even known about these issues or known where to find those facts. They could have easily, elegantly acknowledged our contribution with a single sentence, and they didn't."
Larry Cohler-Esses has also been investigating the Orthodox sex-abuse scandal for years, first at the Jewish Week and now at the Jewish Daily Forward, where he is assistant managing editor. He says he welcomes the spotlight the Times can bring to the issue, but he believes the Jewish media deserved acknowledgment for its work:
"What the Times has done is enormously important. We could write about this until the cows come home, but the Times has done more in two days than we have been able to in many many years. Working from the foundation we've laid down, The Times has put the unique nature of the ultra-Orthodox community's grappling with child sexual abuse---and the Brooklyn D.A.'s relationship with that community---on the public's agenda for the first time. It has also advanced the story through its reporting on the role of Henna White, the D.A.'s community liaison to Brooklyn's ultra-Orthodox communities.
But we were surprised and disappointed that the Times, having used the reporting we've published over many years as its foundation, failed to acknowledge where this information came from. In publishing these stories, we worked with many fewer resources, and faced much stronger reaction from the communities we were writing about. So recognition of the role the Jewish media have played in this process both makes a difference to us and is actually a significant part of the story that readers should know about regarding how this issue has been kept alive."
Sharon Otterman, one of the reporters of the Times series, did not respond to a request for comment yesterday. The other reporter, Ray Rivera, declined to comment on the record. The Times's public editor, Arthur Brisbane, also declined a request for comment, telling the Voice that he's looking into the issue himself.
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